Retinoblastoma (RB) is a rare childhood eye cancer which affects approximately 1/18,000 live births and usually prior to the age of five. RB can be unilateral (one eye) or bilateral (both eyes) in nature and may be hereditary or an isolated, sporadic case.
Tumour visible through dilated pupil
This malignant tumor is often first noticed by the parents as an unusual white reflection seen through the child's pupil at certain angles. This is known as leukocoria. Immediate consultation by an ophthalmologist specializing in oncology (cancer) must be sought.
There are several treatment modalities available for retinoblastoma. In certain circumstances the complete removal (enucleation) of the eye may be necessary. In this situation the child will require the services of an ocularist approximately six to eight weeks after surgery for the placement of an artificial eye.